A little bit of history
The origins of the name 'Livigno'
The origins of the name 'Livigno' are unclear
According to the history student Sertoli Salis, Livigno was called
in the past 'Vinea et Vineola' (in Latin: Vineyard). This name, without
the prefix 'Li', was kept until 1399. It had nothing to do with the
wines: the presence of grapes in Livigno has been completely excluded.
This name is probably derived from the term 'lavina' (in Ladin:'lavina';
Bormio dialect: 'leina'; old German: 'Lobine') which means 'snow avalanche'.
The fact that Livigno was, and still is, completely covered by a thick
layer of snow for several months clearly proves that the name of Livigno
originates from 'lavina'.
The first human settlement
History students still discuss on when and how did the first
human beings settle in Livigno. Most of them argue that they
were Ligurians or Rhethians. Other people assert they were
of Etruscan origins.
Livigno's vally yesterday and today
Map of the Spöl valley at its origins. The river Spöl, which
is called 'Akua Granda' by the locals, has shaped the valley
during the centuries.
Livigno today: the woods being cut down, the building of
small dams on the river Spöl and the large dam have completely
changed the aspect of the whole valley.
Some go as far as saying that the first settlers in Livigno
were slavic who migrated following the Danube river, then
its tributary Inn and finally the Spöl. The presence, even
today, of some typical Asian physical traits would prove
this hypothesis, say its followers